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c. 1830

Construction of the National Road (now Washington Street) through Indianapolis stimulates settlement west of White River in a village known as Stringtown.  Another farming community, Mt. Jackson, forms further west.


Indiana Hospital for the Insane (later named Central State Hospital) completed near what is now Washington Street and Tibbs Avenue.


Indianola School founded at Bloomington and Market Streets as a rural Wayne Township school.


Indianapolis Belt Railway is constructed on three sides of the city to consolidate railroad traffic, with a track laid on the west side roughly parallel to Miley Avenue. New industries along the Belt Railway attract English, German, and Irish immigrant workers.


National Malleable Castings locates at northwest corner of Michigan Street and Holmes Avenue.


Benjamin F. Haugh establishes an iron foundry at Belleview Place and Michigan Street.  The town growing up around his business becomes known as Haughville.


Mule-drawn trolleys extend west of White River with turn-around at Mt. Jackson.  Mule barns are built on Washington Street.


The town of Haughville incorporates with a reported population of 283.


William Dana Ewart moves his chain link factory to the area. This company, later known as Link Belt, becomes a major employer in the neighborhood.


George Lambert, an agent of National Malleable Castings, recruits Eastern European (particularly Slovenian) immigrants for jobs in Haughville.


Rev. T. H. Thomas and Rev. Harvey Kuhne organize Haughville Christian Church.  Congregation first meets in a schoolhouse until a church is built at Bismarck Avenue and Walnut Street.


Haughville population estimated at 2,100.


Msgr. Francis B. Dowd establishes St. Anthony's Catholic Church at northeast corner of Vermont and Warman Avenue. Congregation is predominantly Irish, many of whom are employed in railroad yards and slaughter and packing houses.


Haughville Town Hall and community center built at 519 N. Belleview Place.


First Baptist Church of Haughville established.  Congregation meets in a schoolhouse at King Avenue and Walnut Street until 1899.


Indianola school in Stringtown rebuilt.   Lauter Memorial Boys Club later established across the street at Greeley and Market.


IPS School 53 built at 440 N. Ketcham Avenue.


Indianapolis Street Railway switches to electric cars and extends service to West Indianapolis.


City of Indianapolis annexes entire near-westside area, including Haughville, Mt. Jackson, and Stringtown.


Library branch opens in former Haughville Town Hall.


Fire Station 9 built at 537 N. Belleview Place.


The First Baptist Church of Haughville relocates to a new structure on Germania Avenue and changes its name to Germania Avenue Baptist Church.


Old Indianola School, now IPS School 16, expanded.


Wayne Township's population increases by 45 percent, mostly in Haughville and West Indianapolis. Census shows 16 different nationalities in Haughville, with almost half of the residents Slovenian immigrants.  Other immigrant groups include Polish, Irish, German, Macedonians, Hungarians, Greeks, Croatians, Serbians, Italians, and Lithuanians.


Slovenes form St. Aloysius Lodge, a social and benefit group known for its devout Catholic membership.


Free Kindergarten opens at Slovenian Hall, providing early education and Americanization programs.


St. Anthony's Catholic Church erects new building at 379 N. Warman Avenue.


Slovenes form Franc Preseren Lodge (socialist-oriented) and St. Joseph Lodge (Catholic).


Holy Trinity Catholic Church established as a Slovene national parish following conflicts with Irish and German Catholics at St. Anthony’s.


West Side Planing Mill, a small lumberyard in the Stringtown area, expands.  Later this business becomes the Capitol Lumber Company.


West Park Christian Church built.


The Disciples of Christ open West Side Mission at Ohio and Koehne Streets.


Holy Trinity's parochial school opens with 54 pupils. Students taught by Sisters of Providence until 1915.


Carnegie Library branch 2 built at Mount and Ohio Streets in Hawthorne area.


David Parry converts wagon and carriage factory on Washington Street into the Parry Motor Car Company.


Five days of torrential rains bring severe flooding to the west side of Indianapolis, damaging 10,000 homes at an estimated loss of $25 million.  Stringtown is especially devastated.


Westside Church of the Nazarene organized with 60 charter members.


Rev. Clarence G. Baker, pastor of the West Park Christian Church, establishes a community newspaper, the West Side Messenger.


City builds White River Parkway and levee in aftermath of 1913 flood.


During World War I, Bismarck Avenue renamed Pershing Avenue and Germania Street renamed Belleview Street because of war-time anti-German sentiment. 


Friendship Missionary Baptist Church established by African-Americans settling in the neighborhood for wartime jobs.


Slovenian socialists, freethinkers, and anti-clerics form the Slovenian National Home at 729 N. Holmes. Founders intend the social club to provide an alternative to Holy Trinity's religious programming.  The Home offers concerts, plays, sports, cards, beverages, and dances.


Michigan Street Methodist Church founded at 2132 W. Michigan Street.


Rev. Clarence G. Baker establishes Hawthorne House, later Hawthorne Community Center.   Rev. Baker gains acclaim for his refusal to accept Ku Klux Klan donations or to allow them to meet at the House.


Christamore House moves to Haughville.  The building was completed in 1926.


Civic League of Haughville forms at Christamore House and successfully pressures municipal authorities to make street improvements.


Grace Lutheran Church operates at Holmes and New York Streets.


Holy Trinity adds new social hall to school, later named Father Lavric Hall.


A business group, the West Michigan Street Improvement Association, hosts a festival and parade to celebrate improvements on Michigan Street.


Eighth Christian Church relocates to 14th Street and Belleview Place.


George Washington High School built at 2215 W.  Washington Street.


Onset of the Great Depression brings hardships to the community.  Several major employers eventually close, depriving residents of jobs.


General Motors acquires Parry Motor Company.


West Side Jugoslav football team becomes city champions.


Fire house 18 built at Washington Street and Warman Avenue.


West Side Church of the Nazarene, with membership over 400, builds an addition.


Two of area's large employers, Duesenberg Company (makers of the Duesenberg automobile) and Brown and Ketcham Foundry, close operations.


Christamore opens a summer camp and, in conjunction with the Haughville Neighborhood Council, establishes a neighborhood playground.


Holy Trinity begins perpetual Novena weekly observance, the only congregation in city to do so.


Haughville area hosts national Slovene athletic meet.  Hawthorne area hosts annual fall festival.


West Side Mission opens a new chapel at a cost of $8,000 with a seating capacity of 250 persons.


Slovenian National Home moves to current location at 10th Street and Warman Avenue.


In city W.P.A. recreation tournament, "Phillips' Boys" of Wendell Phillips School 63 wins championships in softball, basketball, volleyball, and track.


United States enters World War II and young men leave area for wartime service.  Industries gear up for wartime production, creating jobs for area residents.  Woodrow Wilson School 75 raises $11,931 in war stamps and bonds to purchase a jeep.


Hawthorne House launches a summer youth camp.


IPS School 63 at 1129 Traub Avenue organizes the first African-American Bluebirds Troop in the city.


Light and Life Free Methodist Church organized in area with 45 charter members.


IPS School 63 destroyed by fire.


"Hi-Y Boys" of Nathaniel Hawthorne School 50 wins the Southwest Indianapolis championships in basketball and track.


SS. Constantine and Elena Romanian Orthodox Church moves to 3236 W. 16th Street.  Congregation organized in 1910 and originally met at a location east of White River.


Holy Trinity loses national parish standing, becomes a territorial parish.


St. Anthony's Catholic Church opens a new school.


Romanian Orthodox Church dedicates a new building at 3237 W. 16th Street.  The new building, valued at $75,000, is of Eastern Oriental style architecture with a copper dome and the altar facing east.


Rev. Clarence G. Baker retires after 25 years as director of Hawthorne House.


Holy Trinity opens a new convent that allows the parish to increase the school's teaching staff to eleven.  School attendance is 446.


Eighth Christian Church dedicates a new $63,000 building.  Additions include a 350-seat sanctuary, as well as a social and dining room.


Christamore House adopts open-door policy, racially integrating all programs. By 1955, the House serves 635 African-American members.  By 1965, nearly 95 percent of members are black. 


Christamore staff attempt to start a cooperative neighborhood council, but fail due to lack of  interest by residents.


West Side Mission becomes West Side Christian Church.


Rev. C. S. Davies establishes a new General Baptist congregation and purchases the old Memorial Baptist building.


Indianapolis Transit Authority switches from electric cars to buses and maintains vehicles at local car barns.


St. Stephen's Bulgarian Orthodox Church, moves to 3000 W. 16th Street, where the new church includes worship facilities for 300 people, a recreation hall, and a kitchen.


Hawthorne House remodeled through efforts of volunteers and the West Washington Street Business and Professional Association.


Carnegie Library at Ohio and Mount Streets closes after 45 years of service.


Bill Brown joins Christamore House staff and starts boxing program which eventually trains several national champions.


Light and Life Free Methodist Church launches a campaign for construction of a new building at 14th Street and Tibbs Avenue.  Membership is 295.


As increase in juvenile delinquency in the area is noted, Christamore expands boxing program and starts a day nursery.


Peak year for Holy Trinity membership at 2,250.


West Side Christian Church, 1520 W. Ohio Street, destroyed by fire.


West-side Teen-Age Association meets at Christamore House.


Haughville natives elected to top offices in local elections: Charles Boswell (Mayor), Phillip Bayt (Prosecutor), and Robert O'Neal (Sheriff).


West Side Christian Church, 1520 W. Ohio Street, opens its new $50,000 building.


Teenage gangs disrupt programs at Christamore House, which institutes Multi-Problem Family Program.


West Michigan Street Businessmen's Association cooperates with Christamore House to collect money to clothe fifty children.


National Malleable and Steel Castings Co. closes after almost a century of operation. Buildings demolished later that year to make way for new commercial development.  Former Link Belt buildings also demolished--now all local foundries are closed.


Redevelopment project announced to remake abandoned industrial section of Haughville into a modern retail business district, including a Kroger supermarket and Super-X drugstore.


Haughville Community Council established, meeting monthly at Christamore House.


Washington High School's overcrowded student population of 2,800 is relieved by the creation of Northwest High School.


Greater Whitestone Missionary Baptist Church organized.


Fire station 9, area's original facility, closes.


Friendship Missionary Baptist Church constructs building at 761 N. Sheffield Avenue


Western Star Missionary Baptist congregation founded.


Three interracial shootings alert residents to growing racial problems in the area.


St. Anthony's Catholic Church celebrates its 75th anniversary.


Concord Village public housing project built in two sections along Concord Street and north of Michigan Street.  Many residents see it as an unwelcome intrusion, and an arsonist burns part of the development during its construction.


Christamore House youth and social service programs expand to include job training, voter education, interpretive dance, senior shopping trips, religious education, and drug counseling.


Holy Trinity discontinues annual festival because of increasing problems with crime.


George McGinnis leads Washington High School Continentals to second state boy's basketball championships.


Belleview branch library closes.


Holy Trinity starts child daycare.


IPS School 16 in Stringtown closes due to declining enrollments.


Christamore House and the Haughville Community Council submit a proposal to the city in January asking for $150,000 to improve area housing and counsel residents on housing problems.


West Side Cooperative Organization (WESCO) formed. City publishes the Near-Westside Subarea Plan, which notes a slow, but steady deterioration in quality of neighborhood housing.


Eighth Christian Church merges with Seventh Christian and relocates outside the neighborhood on west 30th Street.


Salvation Army, on 1309 W. Market Street in southeast Stringtown, plans $100,000 expansion and renovation project on the site of the former Lauter Boys Club.


Hawthorne Community Center, 201 N. Belleview Place, destroyed by fire.


Area's first medical center, South West Health Center, is built and soon flooded with patients.


Dropping enrollments force Holy Trinity School to consolidate with St. Anthony's and other local parish schools into All Saints school.  Vacated Holy Trinity school buildings house Parks and Recreation programs and the convent becomes the home of the Social Ministries Office of the Catholic Archdiocese of Indianapolis.


Greater Whitestone Missionary Baptist relocates to Concord and North, former location of Pilgrim Church.


Seventh-Day Adventists relocate from Prospect Street to 1718 W. 15th Street and open the Better Living and Community Services Center.  The center operates a number of health programs and a disaster relief van.


Hawthorne Community Center rebuilt after fire through local fund raising and a grant from the Indianapolis Foundation.


Haughville-Near-Westside area is designated a "treatment area" for federal community development funds.


Holy Trinity institutes a senior day-care program.


Implementation of school desegregation plan sends westside students to schools outside their neighborhood.  Haughville's three remaining elementary schools close.


City planners update the "Near-Westside Subarea Plan" and report that 80 percent of homes require rehabilitation.  About 47 percent of homes are rental units owned by absentee landlords.  There are only two family physicians and two drugstores in the area. Existing parks lack adequate facilities, and development of small retail business is at a standstill.


Western Star Missionary Baptist Church building dedicated at corner of Ketcham Avenue and St. Clair Street.


New fire station, opened at 10th and Elder Streets, replaces services of 9 Station closed in 1963.


Seventy residents living in the area bounded by Bloomington Street, Washington Street, and White River lose their homes to the Indianapolis Zoo expansion.  Rainbow Christian Association formed in June by twenty pastors from Haughville, Stringtown, and Hawthorne to represent community interests in the face of the White River Park development.


Christamore House nominated to National Register of Historic Places, and a major renovation is completed.


WESCO, the Haughville Community Council, and Christamore establish the Westside Community Development Corporation (WCDC).


New Christamore House programs include:  GED and job tutoring, Christamore House Achievement Program preparing area youth for college, emergency assistance, a preschool, after school and sports programs.


After three years of negotiations by WESCO, Haughville Park is dedicated on the site of the former town hall.


Project Home paints 21 local houses with the help of 300 volunteers during its third annual Saturday event.


First Timothy Evangelical Lutheran Church begins operating at 2447 W. 14th Street, in a former IPS school building that also houses Friendship Westside Charities.


Marion County Health Department sponsors well baby and dental clinics at Christamore House.


Merchants Bank closes its branch bank at 2134 W. Washington Street, leaving the community without any major branch banks.  Members of WESCO and Partners for Westside Housing Renewal begin process of attracting another bank to the area.


Christian Faith Missionary Baptist Church established at 702 N. Holmes Avenuein an old storefront.


WESCO revitalizes block clubs in Haughville, Stringtown, and Hawthorne.  WESCO also completes a beautification program of seventy new trees on Belmont Street, and supports the relocation of Indianapolis Police Department IV headquarters to old School 52.


Michigan Street Methodist congregation merges with Mount Olive United Methodist Church, moving out of the neighborhood to 1449 S. High School Road.


Christamore House creates Social Development Department to focus programming on enhancing self esteem and positive values of area youth.


When a new 500 Mini-Marathon route passes through the near westside, the community provides a water station and sponsors a neighborhood fair at the race's conclusion.


Neighbors for Historic Haughville organize and sponsor a Slovene Food Fest.


Haughville area spotlighted during Historic Preservation Week.


St. Anthony's Catholic Church celebrates its centennial.


City planners designate the near westside area as "area of special need" as part of Mayor Steven Goldsmith's Better Neighborhoods initiative.  The $190,000 grant, a combination of federal, local, and private funds, permits recruitment and training of community leaders and underwrites a multi-faceted program improving area social services and living standards.  Concord Village receives a 3-year, $6.6 million rehabilitation.  IPD establishes a substation in the Village.


A section of Haughville is placed on the National Register of Historic Places.


City announces “Operation Weed and Seed,” with a promised $16.3 million over three years to eliminate criminal activity and renew human services and economic development initiatives.


Christamore House adopts a new mission statement that refocuses its programming to become more of a community center rather than a social service agency.  Nonetheless, the clinics,outreach programs, child care, educational support, employment assistance, pre-school, and teen and senior programs continue.


Stringtown Neighborhood Association Council organized.


With input from neighborhood leaders, city planners adopt the Near-Westside Housing Improvement and Neighborhood Plan.


WCDC celebrates its 10-year anniversary; during its history the organization has completed 40 units, 4 of which were built from scratch, and assisted over 200 homeowners.


The city targets the area straddling the old Big Four railroad tracks for renewal.  After declaring it a blighted area, the city will buy the properties and either demolish or improve them.


As a result of neighborhood protests, the license of a 500 Liquor store on 10th Street is revoked.


Central State Hospital closed.


Fire Station 18 rebuilt on original site in Hawthorne area.


Despite neighborhood opposition, George Washington High School closes, leaving the area with only one public grammar school and one parochial school.


Indianapolis Prosecutor's office assigns a special community prosecutor to serve the Haughville and Stringtown area as part of a city pilot program.


WESCO announces a $37 million plan for neighborhood revitalization in the near west side, including a retail and industrial projects, replacement of two public housing complexes, and funding for social service programs.


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